Forum website: forinnovations.org
Глобальная дискуссионная площадка – Форум «Открытые инновации» и выставка «Open Innovations Expo» – посвящена новейшим технологиям и перспективам международной кооперации в области инноваций.
1. Agenda for the Technological Development of Cities: Trends and Opportunities
Historically cities have been the main producers and consumers of technologies. The cities as we know them have been brought into existence by innovations in healthcare and sanitation, logistics and supplies. Development of modern cities is mainly driven by their competence in using communications technologies.
What are the main trends in the technological development of cities? How can new technologies help cities deal with challenges in the path of their development? Participants of the session will discuss technologies that will define the modern city, impact its economic development and shape behavioural standards of residents.
Moderator: Antoinette Matthews, Executive Director of MITEF
2. Unexpected Innovation Ecosystems: Successful Innovators in a Weak Institutional Environment
Examples of the appearance of successful innovation systems in developed countries are widely known. At the same time, their lessons are barely applicable to countries with undeveloped institutions. However, there are examples of innovation culture development even in a hostile environment – in the conditions of ‘capitalism for the in-group’. One such example is the story of Taiwan’s ‘inside-out reforms’, when the effects from micro-reforms, initiated by the elite itself, spread slowly and led to the radical transformation of the economy – the creation of an innovation cluster and the formation of early-stage venture capitalism.
Key factors of success were the dependence on the heterogeneity of elites and the ability of its most dynamic segment to form a convincing and diversified project portfolio – the micro-reform portfolio. Very few projects in such a portfolio grow to become macro-transformations, but those that do, change the character of the economy (like in Taiwan and China) or its parts (Argentina, India, and Brazil).
Participants of the event will present examples of the implementation of such imperceptible micro-reforms, and discuss their applicability in the Russian practice.
Moderator: Yevgeny Kuznetsov (World Bank and Migration Policy Institute)
3. Creative City: Territories, rich in knowledge
A modern city is a hub that accumulates knowledge, innovations and creative ideas. The key role in the development of the creative potential of a city is played by the “knowledge infrastructure” – the system of universities and scientific parks. At the same time, the most important condition for a positive influence of the knowledge infrastructure on the development of a city is its integration into the urban environment – the system of humanitarian, cultural, social, management, economic and city-building interconnections.
How can the integration of the knowledge infrastructure in the urban space influence the social and economic development of a city? What set of techniques and instruments allows us to effectively integrate knowledge infrastructures into the city fabric? What examples of international experience can be used in the Russian practice?
Moderator: Manuel Heitor, Professor, IST; visiting professor, Harvard
4. Urban Communications and Space-Changing Technologies
The quality of communication defines the effectiveness of people’s interactions and thereby influences the economic development of a city. Implemented technologies form new standards of behaviour by changing the organization of economic interactions.
The use of technologies changes the city space and often gives rise to new functions. Thus, a factory transforms into a co-working space, a metallurgical complex into a landscape park, and a square for military parades becomes the citizens’ favourite resting place. The new nature of space creates new opportunities for communications and interaction of townspeople.
Participants of the debate will discuss new forms and means of city communications, which result from the implementation of new technologies; new businesses developed on their basis; the transformation of forms of communications in municipal management; new approaches to solving transportation problems; means of communication that can increase the safety of citizens in public areas.
Moderator: Bill Hutchison, Director of the Center for Smart Cities, E&Y
5. Urban Security and Technological Solutions
The growth of megapolises and agglomerations, the increasing mobility of the population, terrorist, criminogenic, technogenic threats and a number of other risks form new challenges for modern cities. In the meantime, the security of citizens is one of the bases for ensuring the success of urban development.
Participants of the debate will discuss the risks and threats that modern cities face, as well as the opportunities for the application of innovation technologies to ensure safety of the urban environment. Specific attention will be paid to the best international practices and examples of successful application of innovation technologies in this sphere.
Moderator: Jurij R Paraszczak, Director of IBM Research Industry Solutions and the leader of the Research Smarter Cities program
6. Modern Technologies for City Governance
The ‘modernity’ of a city is defined by its management system. The following have to be singled out as being among the key features and tasks of a modern city management system: 1) a precise definition of skills required for the implementation of city management functions; 2) the presence of developed communications and information transparency, which allow one to increase the involvement of people in solving the city’s problems and managing the city; 3) a sustainable city economy. Technologies are the means for solving these tasks and the source of innovations for increasing the quality of city management.
What opportunities does the use of advanced technologies provide for the development of city management systems? What management decisions are required for effective implementation of technological innovations? What could be the socio-economic impact of technological innovation in city governance?
Moderator: Оleg Alekseev, Vice-President, Skolkovo Foundation
7. Living Labs
According to the traditional concept of innovation centres, so popular today, the main driving forces for the creation of a market product are accessible technologies and business demand. The consumer is excluded from the development process, which sometimes leads to the incompatibility of the product and social context.
In the framework of the ‘open innovations’ approach, consumers cannot remain separated from the creation of new goods or services. On the contrary, they must be involved in the joint development of products. Thus, the concept of living, or territorial, laboratories emerges, where technologies are just the means of human interaction. Some European centres, such as Eindhoven and Trento, are already applying this model.
Participants of the debate will discuss advantages of various approaches and problems of their implementation, as well as the evolution of the interactions between research organizations, industry and users.
Moderator: Marcel Vroom, President MVAVD (Rotterdam based networked design office)
8. City ergonomics and visual attractiveness
One of the key factors determining the success of the city is the capability to attract and hold talents, create a special environment where they can fulfil their potential. Comparable economic power and infrastructure helps the world-level cities, such as Tokyo, New York, London and Paris to compete at the expense of the quality of city environment and capability to create a special impression. Apparently, visual environment and ergonomics of the city become the sources of its attractiveness and the factors contributing to fruitful communication and conception of new ideas and projects.
Moscow which has financial and political resources, powerful scientific and cultural potential, has whatever is necessary to become a desired place for life and work of successful people from all over the world.
How can one launch and maintain the process of generating aesthetic and ergonomic environment? How can one see and assess the progress? Will the race for the quality of the environment exhaust the city budget? Will such environment be affordable for all city dwellers?
The participants of the discussion will discuss the mechanisms for forming a comfortable and aesthetic city environment, and the role played by business, municipal authorities, communities and separate dwellers in such process.
Moderator: John Worthington, Director, The Academy of Urbanism; Co-founder at DEGW, Member of Independent Transport Commission
9. City and sustainable development
Moscow, in virtue of its historical ambitions to have a status of a global city, is doomed to initiate transformation from the centre of industrial production into a space of high quality of life, and in the future – into a metropolis generating cultural codes and communications which play a vital role in global development.
One of the conditions which make implementation of such favourable scenario possible is the capability of the city to maintain long-term growth without increasing the quantity of the consumed resources and environmental load.
The notion of sustainable development has more sense. It is not just development of power saving or waste utilization technologies, but also a change of social stereotypes and personal priorities, the change of the lifestyle. Due to the scale of the Moscow metropolis, its meaning for the country, forming a sustainable development model for such territory will positively affect the whole country.
Can such territory of the metropolis with permanently growing population become a model of sustainable development? What are the reasons for skepticism of power saving technologies that exists in Russia? Alternative technologies or alternative lifestyle? Who is the interested customer of innovations in the sphere of sustainable development?
Moderator: Alexander Malyutin, Director of Investments and Key Partners RE solutions, ODAS Skolkovo